Our institution and journals are working together to ensure the highest quality and integrity of the published research records. Therefore we do not accept duplication, misinterpretation, adulteration, repetition and spurious research work. Our clear descriptive ethical principles will help authors to manage their expectations and avoid situations which may arise when they do not adhere to the guidelines.
Common Ethical Issues
Serious scientific fraud or errors could lead to ethical issues. Errors could be happen due to negligence such as statistical errors, grammar errors or honest errors which are part of the normal course of doing research. Therefore it is important to treat potential cases with care as academic careers could be at risk.
Situations like one study is split into several parts and submitted to two or more journals also consider as duplication.
Misinterpretation could be the changing key words and phrases but retaining the essential content of the source as a framework.
Rephrasing of the text’s original wording and/or structure and submitting it as one’s own and mixing slightly rephrased material from multiple sources and presenting what has been published already as new is adulteration.
Repetition is the action of submitting the same study for two journals or publishing more or less the same study in two journals simultaneously or years later.
Spurious research work is manipulating research data with the intention of giving a false impression. This includes manipulating images (e.g. micrographs, gels, and radiological images), removing outliers or “inconvenient” results, changing, adding or omitting data points, etc.
In the process of publishing, each new paper builds on previous work. However, it’s important to note that rules about quoting and citing previous work apply equally to one’s own writing.
“Self-plagiarism” is any attempt to take any of your own previously published text, papers, or research results and make it appear brand new.
Ethical Responsibilities of Editors, Reviewers and Authors
Outlined below are the ethical behavior expected from Editors, Reviewers, Authors and Publisher of Journals under KnowEx Online published by The International Institute of Knowledge Management (TIIKM).
The ethical guidelines here are prepared based on the COPE https://publicationethics.org/ (Committee on Publication Ethics)