Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines | APC Information

Ethical publishing leads to a better science community, where everyone is valued and everyone is responsible for the work they do.

  • Ensure that the work has not been published before and not under consideration for publication with other journals.
  • Manuscripts should be in English (British/ American)
  • Declare any conflicts of interest
  • Show informed consent and provide assurances that participants’ rights are protected
  • Check all co-authors meet criteria for authorship and ensure appropriate acknowledgments made in the manuscript
  • Include appropriate funding statements in the manuscript if any.
  • Register clinical trials or ethical clearances (Explain how animals used to research is conducted responsibly)
  • Be alert to bias and follow journal guidelines for accurate and complete reporting of research
  • Inform the journal if you subsequently find errors in your research
  • Sign a copyright agreement and provide a cover letter along with your submission.
  • The author must select article type when submitting the article

KnowEx  Social Sciences is accepting the following type of papers. 

Research Article
A research paper is a contextual report which explains a study, which has been conducted by the authors. This study could be an experiment, interview or a survey. The methods and results should be found by authors and it should be critically analyzed and interpreted in a concise manner using tables and figures by the author.
Review Article
A review article is an article that explains and demonstrates previously found research data in a particular topic or study. These articles provide all the valuable information about previous studies to the researcher. The article should have a good body of literature review and should address the significant gaps in the field, current debates, recent major advancements, and discoveries.
Critical Essay
A critical essay is a document that provides revisionism of someone’s work (study or research). For critical writing, the writer should read the article carefully in order to provide a precise account of the given article. The critical essay should cover up the author’s aim and purpose of doing such work.
Case Studies
Case study is a research design which used to examine a specific research problem qualitatively or quantitatively. Case studies help to predict future trends and illuminate previously hidden issues that can be applied to practice and provide a means for understanding an important research problem with greater clarity.

Manuscript Preparation

General guidelines


All contributing authors of a manuscript should include their full names, affiliations, postal addresses, telephone, and fax numbers and email address on the cover page of the manuscript. One author should be identified as the corresponding author and communications regarding the manuscript will be made with the corresponding author.

Ethical guidelines


  • Authors should provide a conflict of interest statement with their submitted manuscript, mentioning any financial or personal relationships that may influence their work or a declaration that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
  • The authors should double-check data gathered by someone else to ensure that have permission to use them.




  • Manuscripts should be in English (British/ American).
  • Authors whose first language is not English are advised to have their manuscript edited by a person with good English Knowledge prior to submission.



Manuscript Templates

The full paper shall be written in compliance with these instructions. The Abstract should be no more than 200 words and one paragraph only. Avoid quotations and citing references in the abstract. Keywords are limited to four.
  • The introduction is formatted like the first heading.
  • It is expected that authors will submit a carefully written and proofread material. Careful checking for spelling and grammatical errors should be performed. Papers should clearly describe the background of the subject, the authors’ contribution, including the methods used, results and concluding the discussion on the importance of the work from both scholarly and managerial perspectives.
  • The Full Paper must be written in English within 11- point Times New Roman. The text should be justified. The Full Paper including figures, tables, and references must have a minimum length of 6 pages and cannot exceed 15 pages
A uniform appearance will assist the reader to read the paper of the proceedings.
When writing the paper please remember to use either British, or US, spelling but not a mixture of the two, i.e., if you choose British spelling it would be colour not color; behaviour (behavioural) not behavior; [school] programme not program; [he] practises not practices; centre not center; organization not organisation; analyse not analyze, etc.
All acronyms should be spelled out the first time they are introduced in text or references. Thereafter the acronym can be used if appropriate, e.g. 'The work for the Organization of United Nations (OUN)...'. Subsequently, 'The OUN studies on...', in a reference ... (Organization of United Nations [OUN] 1989).
  • Equations must be written preferably with the same word processor used for the rest of the text, without hand written symbols in order to aid legibility. Equations must be numbered sequentially with their numbers in parenthesis and right justified.
  • Tables and figures must be embedded in the paper text, close to the location of their first appearance. All tables and figures must be referred to in text as follows: Figure 1, Table 1, i.e. 'As seen in Table [or Figure] 1 ...' (not tab., fig. or Fig). All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the paper (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). Please ensure that tables do not split over the page.
  • Each table should have a descriptive title (using the current style) and each column an appropriate heading. Each table and/or figure must have a title that explains its purpose without reference to the text. Do not type the caption to a figure on that figure; the legends to any illustrations must be typed separately following the main text and should be grouped together. Table legends must be placed above the table; diagram or figure legends below the diagram or figure.
  • Tables should be formatted as Table 1 (below): left justified text for first column and centred columns thereafter, if possible. Only horizontal table grid lines should be used. Add one empty paragraph of the style following a table.

Table 1 Table layout. Captions for Tables are placed above. [Table title].


Cell one

Cell two

Second Row



Third Row



Fourth Row



Short quotations within the text should be marked with double quotation marks: Lawson also has a broad understanding of design when he mentions: “Professional designers such as architects, fashion designers and engineers” (Lawson, 2004, p.5). Longer quotations of more than one line should be formatted as below, again within double quotation marks:

“More of the goods and services produced for consumer across a range of sectors can be conceived of as ‘cultural’ goods, in that way they are deliberately inscribed with to generate desire for then amongst the end uses sold to consumers in terms of particular clusters of meaning indicates the increased importance of ‘culture’ to production circulation of a multitude of goods and services.” (du Gay, et al, 1997, p.24)

Where possible please make images:

  • Large enough to see clearly;
  • Of good resolution (200dpi);
  • Optimized to be less than 350Kb;
  • Cropped appropriately.

If you are using diagrams, info graphics, or other schematics please ensure that:

  • You present information clearly;
  • You use the Times new Roman font;
  • All text is legible;

After you insert an image into your document, select it and use the style named “Picture”. Images are followed by a caption with figures numbered sequentially – Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.

Captions are placed under the pictures. Ensure that your caption adequately describes what you want your reader to see in the picture, highlight any areas that they should focus on or relationships that you might want them to see.

  • The whole citation should follow the APA style, enclosed within parentheses (author surname, year) if not a natural part of the surrounding sentence; the year should be enclosed within parentheses if the names do form a natural part of the surrounding sentence.
  • Citations of works by two authors should have ‘and’ (not an ampersand) between the names. Citations of works by three or more authors should have the first author followed by et al in italics with no trailing stop.
  • In-text lists of references should be listed in chronological order (e.g. author1, 2002, author2, 2004, author3, 2008). Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be identified with a, b, c (e.g. 2008a, 2008b) closed up to the year.
  • When a cited work has three or more authors in the text, the form (main author et al. year) is used (Don’t forget to italicize et al.).
  • A reference list should appear at the end of the paper under the heading "References". All the references should be arranged in alphabetical order with the DOI number. Please follow the examples below (cf. References).

Any acknowledgments that authors wish to make should be included in a separately headed section at the end of the manuscript but before the list of references. This may include the Funding Institutions and other resource persons who assisted the research.

[For an article in a journal] Senarathna, L. E., Medagoda, J. T., Jayarathna, L. W. and Wijesekara, M. J. (2015). Estimating stable carbon isotope values of microphytobenthos in Asia for application to food web studies. Polar Biol. DOI 10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2.

[Book] Belhuloya, L. (1996). The red-winged blackbird: the biology of a strongly polygenous songbird. Academic press, London. 314 pp.  ISBN-13: 978-0120847457

[Chapter in a book] Pathirana, L. and Fernando, V. (1996). Thermal evolution of ectotherm body size: why get big in the cold? In: Johnston, I.A. and Bennett, A.F. (eds.). Animals and temperature: phenotypic and evolutionary adaptation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 265-292. ISSN: 1540-7063

[Report, proceedings, and unpublished literature (a)] Tan, H., Gershwin, S., and Athans, M., (1979), Hybrid optimization in urban traffic networks. MIT Report Dot-TSC-RSPA-79-7.

[Report, proceedings, and unpublished literature (b)] Asakura, Y., and  Sasaki, T., (1990). Formulation and feasibility test of optimal road network design model with endogenously determined travel demand. Proceedings of the 5th World Conference on Transport Research, Yokohama, Japan, July, pp. 351-365

[Report, proceedings, and unpublished literature (c)] Yang, H., Bell, M. G. H., and Meng, Q., (1997), Equilibrium zone reserve capacity under network capacity constraints. Working paper, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

[Newspaper] Smith, A., (1996, April). Labour ditches plans to re-regulate buses. Financial Times, 167(15), 3-40.

[Magazine] Tumulty, K. (2006, April). Should they stay or should they go? Time, 167(15), 3-40.

[Internet source (with title, date of access and the universal resource locator in full)] Simmons, B. (2015, January 9). The tale of two Flaccos. Retrieved from

[Government legislation (a)] US CONGRESS, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, (1956). The Mutual Security Act of 1956, 84th Congress, second session, report 2273.

[Government legislation (b)] UNITED KINGDOM PARLIAMENT, Committee on the Working of the Monetary System [Radcliffe Committee] (1960), Principal Memoranda of Evidence , vol. 2, Cmd 1958.

[Government legislation (c)] UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Secretariat for Economic Affairs, (1951),  Methods of Financing Economic Development in Less Developed Countries, report II B2.

  • Add your tables and figures or captions separately as formatted in earlier instructions
  • Name them accordingly to the table or figure number and description